Frequently asked questions on Digital Registration on Entry, the obligation to furnish proof and quarantine on entry

General Questions

What does the Ordinance on Coronavirus Entry Regulations regulate?

The Ordinance on Coronavirus Entry Regulations (PDF, not accessible, 459 KB) (Coronavirus-Einreiseverordnung) regulates a uniform, nation-wide obligation to register, quarantine and furnish proof as well as a ban on carriage from areas of variants of concern.

The Ordinance on Coronavirus Entry Regulations contains special obligations to register, quarantine and furnish proof for persons who at any time within the last 10 days prior to entry stayed in a region classified as an area of variants of concern at the time of their entry into the country. For travellers entering Germany from areas of virus variants of concern, a ban on carriage – subject to a very limited set of exceptions – has been imposed on travel from these areas via rail, bus, ship or plane.

What rules apply to people who have been vaccinated or who have recovered?

Travellers who spent time in an area classified as an area of variants of concern at the time of entry are required, as a rule, to carry with them a negative test result, where the test in question is based on a nucleic acid test (PCR, PoC-NAAT or other nucleic acid amplification test methods). This also applies, as a rule, to vaccinated and recovered individuals. Proof of vaccination and/or recovery does not provide exemption from quarantine on entry (see also Obligation to quarantine on entry).

Exemption: The quarantine obligation ends before the full 14 days have expired at the time when the specific area of variants of concern is no longer classified as such following entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, or the person entering the country submits to the competent body proof of vaccination that shows that the person is fully vaccinated with a vaccine against the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus for which the Robert Koch Institute has determined and explicitly stated on its website with reference to this provision that the vaccine is sufficiently effective against the variant of the virus for which the classification as an area of variants of concern was made.

Are the regulations limited in time?

The Ordinance ceases to be effective on the expiry of 30 September 2022.

Types of risk area

What is a risk area?

Since 1 June 2022, only the category “area of variants of concern” still exists. The categories of “basic” risk area and high-risk area no longer apply.

What is an area of variants of concern?

Areas of variants of concern can be areas with widespread occurrence of a virus variant (mutant strain) of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus that is not widespread within Germany and that can reasonably be believed to pose a particular risk. Such particular risks can result, among other things,

  • from the virus variant causing more severe symptoms
  • or from vaccines or prior infection with coronavirus affording no or only limited protection against this variant.

Information for travellers entering Germany from areas of variants of concern:

Before departure, please be prepared that, in the context of random checks, your carrier (for example airline) may require from you an up-to-date NAAT test if you spent time in an area of variants of concern at any time in the ten days prior to entry. After your arrival, further NAAT testing may be ordered by the health authorities at the airport or at the place of isolation/quarantine. Please be aware of the 14-day quarantine requirement, which also applies to vaccinated and recovered individuals. As a rule, the duration of the quarantine cannot be shortened.

Obligation to register

Where do people entering the country need to register?

Even before entering Germany, you must carry out a digital registration on entry if, at any time in the ten days prior to your entry, you spent time in an area classified as an area of variants of concern at the time of your entry. Please enter information on the places you stayed over the previous 10 days on the https://einreiseanmeldung.de travel portal. After filling in all of the necessary information, you will receive a PDF file as confirmation. Before transporting you to your destination, your carrier may conduct random checks to verify whether you are in possession of a confirmation. Otherwise, the carrier will not be allowed to take you. Please note that persons across all age groups must be registered and children under the age of 12 are not exempted.

What do I do if I do not have access to a computer or smartphone, or if the Digital Registration on Entry’s travel portal is not available?

If you are unable to carry out a digital registration on entry for want of the necessary technical equipment or because of a technical malfunction, alternatively you must fill out a substitute registration on paper.

Where no request to present the substitute registration is made (by your carrier or the authority responsible for policing cross-border traffic), you are required, within 24 hours of entry, to either complete the Digital Registration on Entry or send the completed substitute registration by post to the following address:

Deutsche Post E-POST Solutions GmbH, 69990 Mannheim

What are the exemptions from the obligation to register?

Please check the list below for the exemptions from the obligation to register. Even if one of the exemptions applies to you, you are required to immediately notify the competent authority if you show symptoms typical of an infection with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus within 14 days following entry into the Federal Republic of Germany.

The exemptions in detail:

Obligation to furnish proof

Who is required to furnish proof?

Travellers aged 12 or over must, if they previously spent time in an area of variants of concern, as a rule be in possession of proof of testing based on a nucleic acid test (PCR, PoC-NAAT or other nucleic acid amplification test methods). Proof of vaccination or recovery does not suffice. In the context of policing cross-border traffic into Germany, for the purpose of random checks, such proof may also be demanded by the Federal Police or other responsible authority. Airline passengers may be required, upon the carrier’s request, to present said carrier with proof for the purpose of random verification before starting their journey. In the context of policing cross-border traffic into Germany, this proof may also be demanded by the Federal Police. Without such proof, carriage is not possible in any of the above cases.

What constitutes proof of vaccination?

In the context of entry, proof of vaccination must meet the requirements set out in section 2 (10) of the Ordinance on Coronavirus Entry Regulations.

1. In the context of entry, proof of vaccination must meet the requirements set out in section 2 (10) of the Ordinance on Coronavirus Entry Regulations. As a rule, it must constitute proof of vaccination within the meaning of section 22a (1) of the Protection against Infection Act or proof of vaccination within the meaning of section 2 no. 10 letter b) of the Coronavirus Entry Regulations. EU Digital COVID Certificates pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2021/953 are also considered proof of vaccination within the meaning of the Coronavirus Entry Regulations.

2. To certify vaccination, the proof must include the following data:

  • the personal data of the vaccinated person (at least surname, first name and date of birth or the number of a valid passport or other official photo ID the person carries and must present on request)
  • Date of vaccination, number of vaccinations,
  • Vaccine name,
  • Name of the disease vaccinated against and
  • Distinguishing marks that indicate which person or institution is responsible for performing the vaccination or issuing the certificate, such as an official emblem or the issuer’s name.

3. Proof of full vaccination must be provided in German, English, French, Italian or Spanish.

4. Proof in written or digital form is accepted if it meets the criteria listed in 1., 2., and 3. For the purposes of inspection by the carrier or the authority tasked with policing cross-border traffic, photographs of written proof are not considered proof in digital form. Proof in digital form need to have been issued in digital form by the authorised issuer and transmitted in digital form to the authorised recipient.

Please note that these are general requirements under the Ordinance on Coronavirus Entry Regulations. The EU Digital COVID Certificate provides an additional EU-wide, standardised form of proof that can be automatically scanned via barcode, which can be carried and verified in a data protection compliant manner in a paper form or using an app. Further requirements may need to be satisfied for the issuance of an EU Digital COVID Certificate on the basis of the EU Digital COVID Certificate Regulation. However, the EU Digital COVID Certificates are of course accepted as proof in Germany.

What constitutes proof of recovery?

As a rule, it must constitute proof of recovery within the meaning of section 22a (2) of the Protection against Infection Act. Proof of recovery is therefore proof of immunity acquired through previous infection with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus issued in written or digital form in German, English, French, Italian or Spanish, if

  • the prior infection was proven by means of a nucleic acid test (PCR, PoC-NAAT or other nucleic acid amplification test methods), and
  • the test to prove the prior infection was performed no less than 28 days and no more than 90 days beforehand.

EU Digital COVID Recovery Certificates pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2021/953 are also considered proof of recovery within the meaning of the Coronavirus Entry Regulations.

How recently must I have taken the test to prove a prior infection?

The test result must pertain to a test that is no older than 48 hours. As a rule, when calculating these time frames, the time of entry into Germany is decisive. In case of entry into Germany using a carrier and where the testing comprised a nucleic acid test (e.g. PCR), then the actual time or scheduled time of carrier departure is decisive.

At what point in time am I entering Germany?

In general, when entering the Federal Republic of Germany by land, sea or air, entry represents when the border is crossed. If entry into Germany is through a carrier, entry is determined to be the first scheduled disembarkation point in the Federal Republic of Germany. Even direct transfer at an airport in order to continue one’s journey into another (Schengen) state is considered an entry within the meaning of the Ordinance on Coronavirus Entry Regulations.

Do airline passengers who are simply changing flights in the Federal Republic of Germany have to comply with the provisions of the Ordinance on Coronavirus Entry Regulations? Does this also apply to airline passengers spending time in the international transit zones of German airports?

Airline passengers entering from an area of variants of concern who are simply changing flights at an airport in the Federal Republic of Germany must also comply with the obligations to provide proof of testing specified in the Ordinance on Coronavirus Entry Regulations.

What tests are recognised?

In principle, nucleic acid amplification techniques (PCR, LAMP, TMA) and antigen tests are recognised for the direct detection of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus.

Antibody tests are not recognised as proof of testing.

Considered to be proof of testing is:

  • Proof of testing within the meaning of section 22a (3) of the Protection against Infection Act, or
  • if the test was taken abroad, proof of the absence of infection with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus issued in written or digital form in German, English, French, Italian or Spanish, if the test on which it is based
    • was conducted or monitored abroad by an agency authorised under the law of the country in question, and
    • was done using an in-vitro diagnostic test for the direct detection of the presence of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pathogen.
  • EU Digital COVID Test Certificates pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2021/953 are also considered proof of testing within the meaning of the Coronavirus Entry Regulations.

Proof of testing can be provided in German, English, French, Italian or Spanish in written or digital form.

What do I do if the test is positive? Does this mean that I cannot return to Germany?

Note: In case your test is positive, we urgently advise you self-isolate immediately. To protect other passengers and transport staff, you should refrain from carriage.

Persons who tested positive are not subject to a general ban on entry. However, carriers are not allowed to carry persons who tested positive by air or by any means of transport from an area of variants of concern. You must isolate yourself on your own responsibility according to local regulations.

By contrast, entry by private transport continues to be possible. However, if persons entering with a positive test result happen to be checked at the border, their data will be registered and transmitted to the competent authorities.

What are the exemptions from the obligation to furnish proof?

Children under the age of 12
Children under the age of 12 are not covered by the obligation to furnish proof. This means that they do not need to carry proof when entering Germany.

All other persons are only exempt from the obligation to furnish proof if one of the following exemptions applies to them:

All other persons are only exempt from the obligation to furnish proof if one of the following exemptions applies to them:

Obligation to quarantine on entry

Who needs to quarantine after entry?

If, at any time within the ten days prior to entry, you spent time in an area classified as an area of variants of concern, you must, as a rule, make your way directly to your home – or other place of accommodation at your destination – upon arrival and remain isolated there (home quarantine). If you spent time in an area of variants of concern prior to entry, as a rule the quarantine period is 14 days.

Does the quarantine obligation also apply to people who have recovered or who have been vaccinated?

Following a stay in an area classified as an area of variants of concern at the time of their entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, even people with proof of vaccination or recovery are, as a rule, obligated to quarantine for fourteen days. Ending quarantine early when entering from areas of variants of concern may be an option in the following two cases:

  1. The specific area of variants of concern is no longer classified as such (de-listed) during the person's quarantine in Germany.
  2. For persons who are fully vaccinated with a specific vaccine listed on the Robert Koch Institute’s website, quarantine ends when they submit their proof of vaccination. This is on condition that the Robert Koch Institute has determined (and published on its website that this vaccine is sufficiently effective against the variant of the virus for which the classification as an area of variants of concern was made. Currently, no determination according to section 4 (2) sentence 5 of the Ordinance on Coronavirus Entry Regulations has been made by the RKI stating that a specific vaccine is sufficiently effective against the virus variant for which the classification as an area of variants of concern was made. There is therefore no exemption from the obligation to quarantine in effect for fully vaccinated persons who have spent time in an area of variants of concern.

What are the exemptions from the obligation to quarantine on entry?

Please check the list below for the exemptions from the obligation to quarantine on entry. Even if one of the exemptions applies to you, you are required to immediately notify the competent authority if you show symptoms typical of an infection with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus within 14 days following entry into the Federal Republic of Germany.

The exemptions in detail:

Entry when accompanied by children

Please note the following regulations if you are entering the country accompanied by children:

  • Registration required: Minors who, at any time within the last ten days prior to entry, spent time in an area classified as an area of variants of concern at the time of entry must be registered.
  • Obligation to furnish proof: Children under the age of twelve are exempt from the obligation to furnish proof.

Ban on carriage

Who is the ban on carriage aimed at?

The ban on carriage obligates carriers.

Carriers are all undertakings which carry passengers to the Federal Republic of Germany by means of cross-border rail, bus, air or sea traffic.

Carriers are prohibited from carrying persons from areas of variants of concern to the Federal Republic of Germany.

Carriers are prohibited from carrying persons from areas of variants of concern to the Federal Republic of Germany.

What are the exemptions from the ban on carriage?

The ban on carriage does not apply to

  1. the carriage of German nationals or persons who have their place of residence and right of residence in the Federal Republic of Germany. The same applies, in each case, to their spouses, life partners who form part of the same household, minor children and, in the case of minor children, their parent or parents. In the case of carriage from Member States of the European Union and from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, life partners need not form part of the same household.
  2. The carriage of persons who are merely changing flights at an airport in the Federal Republic of Germany
  3. Postal, freight or unladen transportation exclusively
  4. The repatriation of aircraft, ships and crews
  5. Transports with and of personnel in the public health interest, air-ambulance flights and flights carrying organs for transplantation, as well as the necessary escort personnel
  6. Carriage for urgent humanitarian reasons
  7. Carriage on behalf of EURATOM Safeguards, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations and its organisations, the European Union and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts
  8. The carriage of members of a foreign or consular mission whose appointment and arrival has been notified to the Federal Foreign Office. The same goes, in each case, for their accompanying spouse, life partner and minor children.
  9. The carriage of persons who are to be accredited by the relevant organising committee to prepare, participate in, carry out or follow up on international sporting events
  10. The carriage of vaccinated persons whose carriage the Federal Ministry of Health, with the agreement of the Federal Foreign Office and the Federal Ministry of the Interior and Community, has determined to be in the national interest of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Last change: 29. August 2022
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