International global health forums and processes
A key task of Germany’s global health policy is to help maintain the rules-based international order, taking it further with like-minded partners and to encourage multilateral cooperation. Germany’s membership in the United Nations (UN) therefore is and will remain the central framework of Germany’s multilateral engagement.
The Federal Government is convinced that only an overarching, internationally coordinated commitment can lower the burden of disease globally and contribute toward making populations healthier. This is why Germany is engaged in international forums such as the G7 and G20, the UN-system and provides considerable support to public health stakeholders such as World Health Organisation (WHO).
Within the UN system, the World Health Organization (WHO) plays a central part as the specialized UN-agency for health. She provides the normative framework and guidelines for improving public health in the Member States as well as Global Health and, as such, sets the course for the work done by the other health actors that fund and implement programmes aimed at enhancing Global Health.
The G7 and G20 are made up of the countries with the strongest economies. Commitments undertaken in this group send a political signal and are important for the implementation of global health goals.
The G20 comprises the 19 most important industrialised and emerging countries plus the EU. It accounts for three quarters of global trade and two thirds of the global population. Its members are: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the USA and the European Union.
The European Union (EU), too, can significantly contribute to overcoming global health problems. As an EU Member State, Germany pitches shared European values, interests and positions at an international level. Member States and the EU Commission together are already major global health funders. By pooling the expertise within the EU, this funding can be used to even greater effect towards Global Health.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is the United Nations' specialized agency for public health with headquarters in Geneva. Founded on 7 April 1948, it comprises 194 Member States.
According to its Constitution, WHO’s objective is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. In pursuing this objective, it remains firmly committed to the principles enshrined in the Constitution’s Preamble. Its main task is fighting diseases, especially infectious diseases, and promoting the overall health of all people worldwide.